Warning: not for the squeamish…..
#1 Lamrey Disease: A Human Eye Disease
This really isn’t a disease, but you may have run across the images online. This disease looks scary, but it’s actually done by someone using the Photoshop program and it’s not real. It’s done by taking the Buccal Canal, which is the toothy part of the lamprey’s suction mouth and putting this on an eyeball. After some touch-ups, it looks like an infected eyeball.
#2 Porphyria-The Vampire Disease
This disease will remind you of a Hollywood vampire. The technical name is Porphyria and it’s a set of genetic disorders where the part of the hemoglobin called heme isn’t properly made and there’s a malfunction with the production of hemoglobin. The skin becomes sensitive to sunlight, they have red-colored urine or purple and the gums will shrink so the teeth are more prominent like canines and they have a negative reaction to garlic. They may get cramps or abdominal pain in some forms of the disease. They can have nervous system problems like mental disturbances, nerve damage or seizures.
Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome or Progeria as it’s commonly called is a very rare disease where there’s a fatal genetic condition. The disease comes from the Greek word progeros which means “prematurely old and the word geras which means “old age.” The disease impacts children and makes them look like they are aging rapidly. The classic type of disease is Hutchinson-Gil Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). It was first described in England by Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson in 1886, and then in 1897 by Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson.
#4 Tree Bark Skin Disorder
This is called the “Tree-Man” Disease or goes by the technical name Epidermodysplasia verruciformis and it’s an immune deficiency. This is a failed response to HPV Type 2 or the Human Papillomavirus. It’s believed to come from a genetic defect. This defect is important because it can help scientists find a cure for it.
Those that have a weak immune system can’t fight the HPV virus and they are at risk of developing the Tree-Man disease. The body cannot contain warts and the virus will hijack the skin cells at the cellular level and they develop a large number of growths which are tree-like and are called “cutaneous horns.”
#5 Lion Face Syndrome
This condition enlarges the bones of the face and gives a lion-like appearance. The sinuses can be obliterated, there can be a misalignment of the teeth that develop, as well as blindness.
#6 Werewolf Syndrome
This is called Ambras syndrome or Hypertrichosis and results in abnormal hair growth on the body. Extensive cases of it have been labeled werewolf syndrome as the large amount of hair resembles a werewolf. Generalized Hypertrichosis occurs all over the body and localized Hypertrichosis will be restricted to a certain area of the body. It can be present at birth or a person may acquire it later on in life.
In the circus, there are performers who have had this condition such as Julia Pastrana who had Hypertrichosis. These individuals are often promoted as having animal traits.
#7 Proteus Syndrome
This condition is a rare overgrowth. It causes differences in the growth rate of body parts. It is often asymmetric, so it doesn’t impact body parts the same way. The word Proteus” comes is from the ancient Greek God of change. It’s called this because it causes changes to body structures over time such as larger than normal legs.
This is a multisystem genetic disorder and goes by the technical name of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Tumors will develop all over the body. There are malignant nervous system tumors as well as benign ones such as benign neurofibromas. It’s also characterized by changing skin color.
This condition is where you have more fingers or toes. This is probably the most common abnormality that is found at birth. This is found in about 2 in 1000 children. The incidence of this is probably higher because the simple cases are usually not reported. Polydactylism can be found in other birth defects, but the majority of the cases are not associated with other abnormalities.
This is a parasitic infection where the arms or the legs swell a great degree. The filarial worm causes the disease. It’s transmitted human to human by the female mosquito when it feasts on blood. The parasite will grow into an adult and then this lives in the lymphatic system.
The skin becomes thicker as well as the subcutaneous tissue. Then there’s a large amount of swelling in the arms or the legs. Another name for the condition is lymphatic filariasis.
This condition occurs when there’s an injection of silver slats or prolonged contact with them. The skin becomes grey or grey-black as well as the mucous membranes. This is caused by silver deposition. The deposit of the silver can occur because of medications that have silver slats or from industrial exposure.
Those that have trichotillomania have an urge to pull out their hair which they can’t control. They may pull it from the scalp, eyebrows or even the eyelashes. This is a type of impulse control disorder. The person doing it knows they can cause damage, but they cannot stop the action. They may pull out the hair when they are stressed as a way to comfort themselves.
#13 Cushing Syndrome
When someone is exposed to high levels of cortisol for an extended period they develop Cushing syndrome. It’s sometimes called hypercortisolism and it often develops from the use of oral corticosteroid medication or if your body makes too much cortisol. A fatty hump between your shoulder sis a common symptom of too much cortisol. You may have a rounded face as well as purple or pink stretch marks on your skin. It can also result in bone loss, high blood pressure and on occasion, you can also develop diabetes. There is the treatment which can improve the condition and if you get early treatments, the better your chances for a good recovery.
#14 Necrotising Fascilitis
This is a bacterial infection and when you get it on the genitals, it’s called Fournier gangrene. This is a rare, but serious condition and one out of 4 that get it will die from the condition. Most people that get it are in good health when they contract it.
The condition destroys skin, fat, and the tissues that cover the muscles within a short period of time. It’s often referred to as flesh-eating bacteria.
#15 Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive or FOP is a rare type of genetic disorder. This condition causes the soft tissues to transform into bone. The bones grow abnormally in tendons, muscles, ligaments and other connective types of tissues. It forms bridges of extra bone across joints. Movement in areas where ether is FOP is difficult or impossible.
The condition impacts various areas of the body such as the spine, neck, shoulders, chest, wrist, hips, elbows, ankles, knees, and the jaw. It’s an autosomal dominant condition which means that the person only has to get the gene for it from one parent to get the disease. In most cases, FOP is an accident of nature or a new mutation. In the parents of patients with FOP, they usually don’t have the disease. A person with FOP does have a 50% chance of passing it to their children.